Report with mapping review of projects and programmes fostering the intergenerational dimension of sport across the EU-27.
The key objective of this small-scale research study has been to collect knowledge on the intergenerational dimension of sport and identify good practice initiatives in this area. The study also aims to develop knowledge on the main benefits, barriers and facilitators to the intergenerational dimension of sport. The specific focus of the study has been participation in sporting activities for both old and young people, but it also looked at how volunteering, coaching or spectating in sport might contribute to promote the intergenerational dimension of sport. Finally, this study also considers the role of families in promoting participation and encouraging intergenerational transfer.
At the scoping stage of the study a rapid literature review and different scoping consultations was completed covering the subject of sport and intergenerational learning and transfer. The review covered policy and official policy documents, academic publications, papers, grey literature, evaluation reports and project guidelines and toolkits. The second element of the desk research was to undertake rapid reviews of available information and evidence on relevant programmes and projects implemented in all the EU countries. Within the limits of the resources available for the study, the desk-based research exercise identified 92 relevant initiatives. Finally, a number of programmes were examined in more depth through more detailed desk research and telephone interviews with programme managers. This resulted in fifteen case studies which provide good practice examples of intergenerational sport projects and programmes implemented at local, national or international level.
The rapid literature review highlighted different benefits resulting from the participation in intergenerational sport activities. These benefits mainly relate to three different levels: mental and physical wellbeing, individual development and social wellbeing. In addition to this, intergenerational programmes and projects can also contribute to change attitudes and perceptions in both young and old people, thus decreasing negative stereotypes toward the other group and fostering social inclusion and community cohesion.