Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), a WHO collaborative cross-national study, has provided information about the health, well-being, social environment and health behaviour of 11-, 13- and 15-year-old boys and girls for over 30 years. The 2017/2018 survey collected data from over 220 000 young people in 45 countries and regions in Europe and Canada. The data focus on social context (relations with family, peers, school and online communication), health outcomes (subjective health, mental health, overweight and obesity, and injuries), health behaviours (patterns of eating, physical activity and toothbrushing) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying) relevant to young people’s health and well-being. New items on family meals, electronic media communication and cyberbullying were introduced to the HBSC survey in 2017/2018 and measures of individual health complaints and underweight are also included for the first time in this report. Volume 1 of the international report presents key findings from the 2017/2018 survey, and Volume 2 provides key data disaggregated by country/region, age, gender and family affluence.
Key findings physical activity
- Fewer than one in five adolescents (19%) achieve the global recommendation for 60 minutes of MVPA every day (23% boys, 16% girls).
- Levels of MVPA have declined in around a third of countries/regions since 2014.
- At all ages and in almost all countries boys are more likely than girls to be physically active.
- Older adolescents and those from poorer families were less likely to be physically active.